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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 56-71

Assessing the characteristics of 110 low- and middle-income countries' noncommunicable disease national action plans


1 World Health Organization, Headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland
2 Healthier Systems, UK
3 University of California San Francisco, Washington, DC, USA
4 Saint Elizabeths Hospital - Department of Behavioural Health, Washington, DC, USA
5 George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Luke N. Allen
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London
UK
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_35_21

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Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are a leading contributor to preventable mortality and impoverishment in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). To support countries in developing holistic and integrated NCD plans, the World Health Organization (WHO) has produced get rid of this a NCD Multisectoral Action Plan (MSAP) guidance. To date, over 160 countries have produced MSAPs and uploaded them to the WHO's NCD document repository. We examined the content and comprehensiveness of the MSAPs uploaded by all 110 LMICs, with reference to the WHO guidance. Overall, the MSAPs included 71% of the elements recommended by the WHO, however, there was a tendency to present situational analyses and recommended actions without providing costings or an overall funding plan. We found no correlation between MSAP comprehensiveness (alignment with the WHO guidance) and policy implementation. There were no significant differences in MSAP alignment by region or income group. Countries with higher universal health coverage indices had lower MSAP alignment score. We concluded that the existence of a comprehensive MSAP is not enough to guarantee policy implementation, and that the WHO should focus its support on helping countries to translate plans and policies into concrete actions to address NCDs.


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