International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 50--57

Cardiovascular disease in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic


Shanthi Mendis 
 Geneva Learning Foundation, Geneva, Switzerland

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Shanthi Mendis
Geneva Learning Foundation, Avenue Louis-Casai 18, 1209 Geneve
Switzerland

Emerging evidence indicate a close relationship between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Age is a potent shared risk factor which links the two conditions. Although severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) principally affects the lungs, a sizeable number of patients develop new-onset cardiac dysfunction during the course of the illness. As outlined in this review, cardiovascular manifestations of COVID-19 are complex with patients presenting with one or more of the following: myocarditis, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, cardiomyopathy, heart failure, arrhythmias, acute pericarditis, and venous thromboembolism. Preexisting CVDs make people more vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2 infection and adversely impact clinical outcomes. The World Cardiology Associations have issued consensus-based guidance to ensure that cardiac and stroke care needs of people, are met effectively within the context of the COVID-19 burden. Clinicians caring for COVID-19 patients need to be aware of the potential cardiovascular side effects of various therapies used for treating SARS-CoV-2 infection, including chloroquine/hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin. Research is essential to better understand the mechanisms that shape the close interplay between SARS-CoV-2 infection and CVDs.


How to cite this article:
Mendis S. Cardiovascular disease in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.Int J Non-Commun Dis 2020;5:50-57


How to cite this URL:
Mendis S. Cardiovascular disease in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Non-Commun Dis [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Aug 6 ];5:50-57
Available from: http://www.ijncd.org/article.asp?issn=2468-8827;year=2020;volume=5;issue=2;spage=50;epage=57;aulast=Mendis;type=0