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 Table of Contents  
ORIGINAL ARTICLE- FORUM
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 131-133

Ministerial participation critical for addressing global noncommunicable disease agenda: Highlights of ministerial forum


President, World NCD Federation, Chair, World NCD Congress 2017 and Professor, School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Date of Web Publication22-Feb-2018

Correspondence Address:
J S Thakur
President, World NCD Federation, Chair, World NCD Congress 2017 and Professor, School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_58_17

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  Abstract 


In view of achieving the Sustainable developmental goals by 2030 and preparation for UN high-level meeting 2018, the Ministerial forum was the key session of the World noncommunicable disease (NCD) Congress 2017 with the participation of Ministers, Parliamentarians, and Policymakers from different parts of the World. The purpose of forum was to set a platform for a wide range of high-level policy issues for the prevention and control of NCDs, discussion on implementation challenges and global action plan. Forum discussed and finalized the consensus statement “Chandigarh Declaration on NCDs” at the conclusion of the Congress.

Keywords: Declaration, forum, sustainable development goals


How to cite this article:
Thakur J S. Ministerial participation critical for addressing global noncommunicable disease agenda: Highlights of ministerial forum. Int J Non-Commun Dis 2017;2:131-3

How to cite this URL:
Thakur J S. Ministerial participation critical for addressing global noncommunicable disease agenda: Highlights of ministerial forum. Int J Non-Commun Dis [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Oct 16];2:131-3. Available from: http://www.ijncd.org/text.asp?2017/2/4/131/225989




  Why Ministerial Forum during World Noncommunicable Disease Congress? Top


Following the 2011 UN high-Level Meeting on prevention and control of noncommunicable disease (NCDs), and the resulting Political Declaration and further progress made by the World Health Organization (WHO) and member countries around the world, this very first World NCD Congress took stock of accomplishments at the country level over the past decade years. The Ministerial' Forum was a key component of the World NCD Congress 2017.

It was attended by Ministers, Parliamentarian, and key policy makers and high-level government representatives from various countries to review the state of NCD prevention and control and to recommitted actions that will help to achieve the targets set out to meet the 2011 UN/WHO goals of 25 by 25 (meaning 25% reduction in premature mortality due to NCDs by the year 2025) and SDGs. This forum discussed the experiences regarding the challenges and opportunities on NCD prevention and control.

Specific objectives were to provide a platform for a wide range of high-level policy issues for the prevention and control of NCDs, to discuss implementation challenges on the national NCD programs and to discuss and finalize a global action plan through consensus statement “Chandigarh Declaration on NCDs” with a view to create a framework toward SDGs.

Session proceedings

The session was chaired by Jetn Sirathranont, Secretary General, Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development (AFPPD); Rajesh Vijayvergiya, Professor, PGIMER, Chandigarh and moderated by JS Thakur, Chair Organizing Committee and President World NCD Federation with an introductory remark [Figure 1]. Key highlights of the message of Hon'ble Prime Minister and Union Health Minister of India are given in [Box 1].
Figure 1: Ministers during the World noncommunicable disease Congress 2017

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The lead speaker was Dr. Soumya Swaminathan, Director General Indian Council of Medical Research and Secretary Department of Health Research, Government of India and DDG WHO (designate) presented the roadmap for achieving SDGs and talked about the WHO Monitoring Framework. She informed that after the baseline assessment, another review of progress to achieve the SDGs will be done at the 2018 UN General Assembly. It was highlighted that India has a good NCD multisectoral action plan but effective steps in implementation is required by different sectors related to NCDs. Enabling environments to promote physical activity facilities in many cities are lacking, high salt consumption in some parts of the country, such as in Assam (where people consume salted tea) and highlighted with a need to bring it down to the WHO recommended levels. Labeling of salt content and its implementation was discussed and informed that Food Safety and Standards Authority of India is working on front-of-package labeling on healthy/unhealthy content on food packages. It was emphasized that educational campaigns to sensitize communities about the harm from salt and regulations in relation to processed food, should be a priority. The United Kingdom has developed guidelines for companies, and compliance of companies is desirable. Mexico has a tax on processed food and sugary drinks (SSBs), as does Kerala in India. A small pilot study undertaken by ICMR on trans fat levels was highlighted. The levels need to be brought down to zero from the current levels of 5%. International case studies were presented such as the city of New York that made the trans fats illegal and granted companies a time of 2 years to comply. Illegal brewing of alcohol needs to be addressed, along with tax increases. Tobacco control was used as an example where GST has been levied on cigarettes; bidis and nonsmoking forms of tobacco need higher taxes. Mr. Hussain Rasheed, Hon'ble Health Minister of Maldives, gave the insight on Maldives State Action Plan for NCD's and highlighted the measures to achieve SDGs. Mr. Rasheed stated that by taking certain measures such as increasing tax on tobacco and imposing taxation on sugary drinks, any nation can combat the rising burden of NCDs. He quoted that Maldives is the first country to raise tax on energy drinks to 58%. He stated that “Legislation and law are crucial to role model to the people. We need to come together and join hands in combating NCDs…set individual targets and send across the community and so on so forth to the community…non-communicable diseases are something we can prevent as it comes from within unlike the communicable diseases that we acquire.” He declared that the Maldives has successfully controlled communicable diseases. He made the audience pledge to beat NCDs by doing “Regular exercise for 30–40 min daily and maintain a healthy diet”. Dr. Jetn Sirathranont, Asian AFPPD spoke on the country initiatives on NCDs and explained about the One Stop Crisis Centre Model in which 5 ministries crucial for achieving the targets and indicators for NCDs under SDGs discussed the NCD issues together as a group. Draft outcomes of Parliamentarian Forum, Youth Parliament, and Policy Forum organized during the Congress were discussed. Dr. Arun Chokalingam presented the draft Chandigarh Call for Action on NCDs. This was discussed and finalized after the inputs from the panel. Ministerial forums are useful tool to take NCD Control to the highest level and come out with key declarations in the past [Table 1].
Table 1: Key ministerial forums on noncommunicable diseases and their outcomes 2006-2017

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  Outcomes of the Ministerial Forum Top


Developing partnerships and coalition for action for prevention and control of NCDs was highlighted. The Consensus Statement of World NCD Congress “Chandigarh Call for Action on NCDs,” highlighting outcomes of Congress with a clear implementation plan for achieving SDGs by 2030 was discussed and finalized.

Prof JS Thakur, Chair, World NCD Congress 2017, President, World NCD Federation and Professor, School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Resource persons/contributors

Mr. Hussain Rasheed, Hon'ble State Health Minister of Maldives; Dr. Jetn Sirathranont, Secretary-General, Asian AFPPD; Dr. Soumya Swaminathan, DG ICMR and Secretary, DHR, India; Dr. JS Thakur, Professor, School of Public Health, PGIMER, Chandigarh; Dr. Arun Chokalingam, University of Toronto, Canada; Dr. Rajesh Vijayvergiya, Professor Cardiology, PGIMER, Chandigarh; Dr. Ronika Paika, Research Scholar, School of Public Health, PGIMER, Chandigarh; Dr. M A Bashar, Senior Resident, School of Public Health, PGIMER, Chandigarh.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
WHO European Ministerial Conference on Counteracting Obesity. Conference Report. Available from: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/96459/E90143.pdf. [Last accessed on 2017 Dec 11].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
High Level Regional Consultation of the Americas against Obesity and NCDs. Discussion Document. Available from: http://www.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=13836& Itemid=270&lang=en. [Last accessed on 2017 Dec 12].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
First Ministerial Conference on Healthy Lifestyles and Non-Communicable Disease Control. Conference Document. Available from: http://www.who.int/nmh/events/moscow_ncds_2011/conference_documents/conference_report.pdf. [Last accessed on 2017 Dec 12].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases. United Nations. Available from: http://www.who.int/nmh/events/un_ncd_summit2011/political_declaration_en.pdf?ua=1. [Last accessed on 2017 Dec 12].  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Pan America Health Organization. WHO Global Conference on NCDs- Montevideo. Available from: http://www.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=13807%3Awho-global-conference-on-ncds-montevideo-uruguay-18-20-october-2017&catid =7587%3Ageneral&Itemid=1969&lang=en. [Last. [Last accessed on 2017 Dec 12].  Back to cited text no. 5
    


    Figures

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    Tables

  [Table 1]



 

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