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 Table of Contents  
ORIGINAL ARTICLE- FORUM
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 129-130

How parliamentarians can contribute in noncommunicable disease prevention? Highlights of parliamentarian forum: World noncommunicable disease congress 2017


1 Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, JIPMER, Puducherry, India

Date of Web Publication22-Feb-2018

Correspondence Address:
Ria Nangia
School of Public Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_55_17

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  Abstract 


Healthy Public Policy is vital to the control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), and law and regulation is an important tool for achieving this goal. Sensing the urgency of raising voice in the parliaments and different ministries and constitutions, a forum is needed to build consisting parliamentary members which represents different standing committees and ministries. The Parliament Forum has great potential to affect and bring innovative changes in addressing the common concerns regarding NCDs, building stronger democratic institutions, advocating for good governance for implementation of NCD policies and accountability and sharing good practices population-wide.

Keywords: Congress, noncommunicable diseases, parliamentarian, policies


How to cite this article:
Nangia R, Kar SS. How parliamentarians can contribute in noncommunicable disease prevention? Highlights of parliamentarian forum: World noncommunicable disease congress 2017. Int J Non-Commun Dis 2017;2:129-30

How to cite this URL:
Nangia R, Kar SS. How parliamentarians can contribute in noncommunicable disease prevention? Highlights of parliamentarian forum: World noncommunicable disease congress 2017. Int J Non-Commun Dis [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Oct 16];2:129-30. Available from: http://www.ijncd.org/text.asp?2017/2/4/129/225986




  Introduction: Why Parliamentarian Forum Top


The prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is surging globally. Yet, NCDs receive a small amount of annual development assistance for health. Therefore, there is a need to establish political will and prioritizing NCDs in the midst of other health challenges.[1]

Parliamentarian Forum provides a strategic positioning for Members of Parliament to take advantage of their legislative, budgeting, and oversight roles to ensure effective national health regulation, equitable investment, and health planning by government. A parliamentarian may take up multiple roles in combating NCDs by implementing the resolutions of the UN, advocacy for policy formulation by the government and creating awareness of NCDs with in parliament and in the various constituencies. Furthermore, lobbying for resources to support prevention and control of NCDs and bodies and agencies in the country can be better executed by them. They can also openly talk about the NCD and their risk factors in their constituencies as they have a larger audience than the health personnel.

In 2007, a regional conference of Parliamentarians on Legislative and policy actions for promoting health in the WHO-SEARO held in Bali recommended formulation and strict enforcement of policy on alcohol and tobacco, and to establish a monitoring and evaluation framework mechanism in the government system.


  Methods Top


Background paper on the role of Parliamentarians to combat NCDs was prepared based on the existing initiatives taken in other countries to involve parliamentarians in health policies.[2],[3] Key stakeholders from the WHO, the European Union, Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development and Partnership to Fight Chronic Disease were contacted. As many other countries have tried to involve the representatives of the parliament in the planning and policy-making toward the reduction of NCDs.

Parliamentarian forum was held on 5th November during the 1st World NCD Congress, held in Chandigarh, to discuss the ways to combat the increasing NCD burden. The proceedings of the session on “Parliamentarian Forum” were recorded and the discussions that took place during the session have been included in the current paper along with the background paper.


  Proceedings Top


Secretary-General, The Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development Thailand, briefly discussed the One Stop Crisis Centre (OSCC) Model developed and adopted in 2001 in Thailand. OSCC is a multidisciplinary unit providing comprehensive services for victims of violence in Thailand. The center is equipped with not only medical doctors and nurses, but also representatives from the police department and the office of attorney. This model has five ministries involved which shows that such models can function better in partnership at a broader platform. The successful experiences shared from Maldives, included, raising taxes on tobacco and sugary foods and drinks, so as to diminish the buying power of the consumer. It is also a medium to generate revenue and can help in strict enforcement of public health acts. Maldives is the first country to raise tax on energy/sugary drinks by 58%.

Indian MPs discussed about the severe grip of the lifestyle diseases on the people and the need to focus on the life cycle and human rights approach, multi-sectoral action against the NCDs, aligning the NCD goals along with the SDG goals and rejuvenating the evidence-based traditional system of medicine. It was emphasized that we should follow a prevention-based lifestyle rather than relying on treatment as NCDs are not completely curable but controllable. It was highlighted that since India is facing the dual burden of communicable diseases as well as the NCDs, emphasis should be on health education which should be started in early childhood.

The Consensus Statement of the World NCD Congress, draft of the Chandigarh Call for Action was presented by Prof. Arun Chockalingam, highlighting the outcomes of the Congress and the implementation plan for achieving the SDGs by 2030 was also discussed.


  Conclusion Top


The Parliamentarian Forum led to a common consensus that it is high time that our political leaders and the health officials join hands together to fight against the NCDs. It was highlighted that tackling NCDs, mental health, and malnutrition requires both population-wide and individual-targeted interventions. It was also suggested that Government should work for achieving targets and indicators under the Monitoring Framework for NCDs and SDGs. It was agreed that policies and laws must not only be put in place but must also be enforced.

Resource Persons/Contributors

Dr. Jetn Sirathranont, Secretary-General, The Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development Thailand; Mr. Hussain Rasheed, Minister of State for Health, Republic of Maldives; Smt. Kirron Kher, Member of Parliament, Chandigarh; Dr. Dharamvir Gandhi, Member of Parliament, Patiala (Punjab); Dr. Subash Varma, Former Dean, PGIMER, Chandigarh; Dr. Arun Chockalingam, Chair, Scientific Committee, World NCD Congress 2017; Dr. Gunjan Kumar, Senior Resident, Department of Preventive Social Medicine, JIPMER, Pondicherry; Dr. Kavita, Lecturer, National Institute for Nursing Education, Chandigarh.

Financial support and sponsorship

The Parliamentarian Forum was hosted by the World NCD Federation in collaboration with the WHO and PFCD.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Formation of Members of Parliament for NCD Forum Bangladesh. Available from: http://www.ncdf.info/index.php/stay-informed/recent-news/45-formation-of-members-of-parliament-for-ncd-forum-bangladesh. [Last accessed on 2017 Dec 08].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Government Response to the Report of the Māori Affairs Committee on its Enquiry into the Tobacco Industry in Aotearoa and the Consequences of Tobacco use for Māori. Available from: https://www.parliament.nz/resource/en-nz/49DBHOH_PAP21175_1/9f015010d386fe11050cddfbb468c2a3f5b0cb89. [Last accessed on 2017 Oct 30].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Available from: http://www.who.int/nmh/events/global_forum_ncd/forum_ report.pdf?ua=1. [Last accessed on 2017 Oct 30].  Back to cited text no. 3
    




 

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   Abstract
   Introduction: Wh...
  Methods
  Proceedings
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