• Users Online: 46
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-26

Determining the prevalence of and risk factors for depressive symptoms among adults in Nepal: Findings from the Dhulikhel Heart Study


1 Department of Global Health, University of Washington; Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
2 Department of Global Health; Department of Family Medicine; Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
3 Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
4 Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; Department of Community Medicine; Department of Community Programs, Dhulikhel Hospital - Kathmandu University Hospital, Dhulikhel, Nepal
5 Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; Department of Cardiology, Dhulikhel Hospital - Kathmandu University Hospital, Dhulikhel, Nepal
6 Department of Global Health; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA

Correspondence Address:
Michelle S Lam
University of Washington Medical Center, Box 358 250, Seattle, WA 98195
USA
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_34_16

Get Permissions

Context: Nepal is currently experiencing a rapid growth in noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Depression has previously been associated with NCDs in South Asia; however, data regarding its prevalence and risk factors are lacking in Nepal. Aims: This study aims to describe the prevalence of and risk factors for depressive symptoms in a suburban population of adults within Nepal. Setting and Design: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data collected from participants enrolled in the Dhulikhel Heart Study, a population-based, longitudinal cohort study investigating cardiovascular risk factors in Dhulikhel, a suburban town outside Kathmandu. Subjects and Methods: Baseline questionnaire data from 1073 adults age 18 years and older included the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). A score of 16 or greater on the CES-D has been shown to indicate major depressive symptomatology. Statistical Analysis: Using STATA 13, we conducted Pearson's Chi-square tests and multiple logistic regressions to examine associations between the binary CES-D score and gender, age, education, marital status, body mass index, physical activity, and hypertensive status. Results: The mean CES-D score in the sample was 11.7 (standard deviation: 5.3), with 21.3% scoring 16 or greater. Age over 60 and lack of formal education were associated with increased risk of depressive symptoms. Being physically active was associated with decreased risk of depressive symptoms. Conclusions: The estimated prevalence of depression among adults in Dhulikhel was 21.3%. Significant risk factors for increased depressive symptoms included lack of formal education, age over 60, and physical inactivity.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed565    
    Printed34    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded6    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal